EFA Winter Cover Crops (CCS SW6)
Requirements for Mid-Tier or Higher Tier Option
This option cannot be used from 1 January 2019, on land already receiving funding for Ecological Focus Areas (EFAs) declared for the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS)
Establish a quick-growing cover crop by 15th September that will provide a dense cover and protect the land from soil erosion and runoff
Destroy the cover crop in late January or early February, a maximum of 6 weeks before establishing the following spring crop. When weather conditions delay establishment of a spring crop, the cover crop can be left until mid-March.
Do not: Apply any fertilisers or manures
- Cover Crops Establish by 15th September, This is so it can take up soil nitrate before winter drainage or water leaches below the depth of the developing plant.
- You can establish you Cover or Catch crop by drilling or broadcasting but a suitable sowing rate should be used to provide a dense cover and protect from soil erosion and maintain soil structure.
- Cover Crop should be destroy in late January or February, before it is too well developed (if left too late nitrate leaching may increase the following winter)
- You can use glyphosate to help with the destruction prior to cultivations
**Update from BPS for 2018 ** Complete ban of plant protection products on Ecological Focus Area (EFA) Fallow land, EFA Catch and Cover Crops and EFA Nitrogen-Fixing crops.
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